Lähteet

ACMD (2000), Reducing drug-related deaths. A Report by The Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs, The Stationery Office, Lontoo.

ACPO (2003), Cannabis enforcement guidance, ACPO, Lontoo.

Ashton, M. (2003), "The American STAR comes to England", Drug and Alcohol Findings vol. 8, s. 21–26.

ASPECT Consortium (2004), Tobacco or Health in the European Union, Euroopan yhteisöjen virallisten julkaisujen toimisto, Luxemburg.

Bandura, A. (1977), Social learning theory, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

Bargagli, A. M. et al. (2004), Drug-related mortality and its impact on adult mortality in eight European countries, 6th Europad Conference, Pariisi.

Becoña, E. (2002), Bases Scientifics de la Prevención de lass Drogodependencias, Delegación del Gobierno para el Plan Nacional sobre Drogas, Madrid.

Bird, S. ja Rotily, M. (2002), "Inside methodologies for counting blood-borne viruses and injector-inmates’ behavioural risks – results from European prisons", Howard Journal vol. 41 (2).

Blystad, H., Blad, L., Tulisov, A. ja Aavitsland, P. (2005), "Hepatitis B in northwest Russia and the Nordic and Baltic countries: recent trends and prevention activities", Eurosurveillance Weekly 10: 050310.

Botvin, G. J. (2000), "Preventing drug abuse in schools: social and competence enhancement approaches targeting individual-level etiological factors", Addictive Behaviours vol. 25, s. 887–897.

Bovenkerk, F. ja Hogewind, W. I. M. (2002), Hennepteelt in Nederland: het probleem van criminaliteit en haar bestrijding, Willem Pompe Instituut voor Strafrechtswetenschappen, Utrecht.

Brugal, M. T., Domingo-Salvany, A., Puig, R., et al. (2005), "Evaluating the impact of methadone maintenance programmes on mortality due to overdose and Aids in a cohort of heroin users in Spain", Addiction, painossa.

BKA (Bundeskriminalamt) (2004), Polizeiliche Kriminalstatistik 2003 Bundesrepublik Deutschland. BKA, Wiesbaden.

Butler, G. K. L. ja Montgomery, A. M. J. (2004), "Impulsivity, risk taking and recreational 'ecstasy' (MDMA) use", Drug and Alcohol Dependence vol 76, s. 55–62.

Butters, J. E. (2004), "The impact of peers and social disapproval on high-risk cannabis use: gender differences and implications for drug education", Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy vol. 11, s. 381–390.

Calafat, A., Fernández, C., Juan, M., et al. (2003), Enjoying the nightlife in Europe: the Role of moderation, IREFREA España, Palma de Mallorca.

Canning, U., Millward, L., Raj, T. ja Warm, D. (2004), Drug use prevention among young people: a review of reviews, Health Development Agency, Lontoo.

CND (2004), World drug situation with regard to drug trafficking: report to the secretariat, Huumausainetoimikunta, Yhdistyneiden Kansakuntien talous- ja sosiaalineuvosto, Wien.

CND (2005), World drug situation with regard to drug trafficking: report to the secretariat, Huumausainetoimikunta, Yhdistyneiden Kansakuntien talous- ja sosiaalineuvosto, Wien.

Cuijpers, P., et al. (2002), "The effects of drug abuse prevention at school: the healthy school and drugs project", Addiction vol. 97, s. 67–73.

Cunningham, J. A. (2001), "Impact of normative feedback on problem drinkers: a small-area population study", Journal of Studies on Alcohol vol. 62, s. 228–233.

De Wit, A. ja Bos, J. (2004) "Cost-effectiveness of needle and syringe exchange programmes: a review of the literature", Hepatitis C and injecting drug use: impact, costs and policy options, EMCDDA Monographs 7, Euroopan huumausaineiden ja niiden väärinkäytön seurantakeskus, Lissabon, s. 329–343.

Drug Misuse Research Division (2004), "Trends in treated problem opiates use in the seven health board areas outside the Eastern Regional Health Authority, 1998 to 2002", Occasional Paper No. 13/2004, Drug Misuse Research Division, Dublin.

EMCDDA (2001), "Co-ordination of the implementation of the EMCDDA standard guidelines on the drug-related deaths in the EU Member States, and the collection and analysis of information on drug-related deaths", project CT.99.RTX.04, koordinoijana Trimbos Instituut, Euroopan huumausaineiden ja niiden väärinkäytön seurantakeskus, Lissabon.

EMCDDA (2003), "National prevalence estimates of problem drug use in the European Union, 1995–2000", CT.00.RTX.23, koordinoijana Institut für Therapieforschung, München, Euroopan huumausaineiden ja niiden väärinkäytön seurantakeskus, Lissabon.

EMCDDA (2004a), Vuosiraportti 2004: huumeongelma Euroopan unionissa ja Norjassa, Euroopan huumausaineiden ja niiden väärinkäytön seurantakeskus, Lissabon.

EMCDDA (2004b), "Hepatitis C and injecting drug use: impact, costs and policy options", EMCDDA Monographs 7, Euroopan huumausaineiden ja niiden väärinkäytön seurantakeskus, Lissabon.

EMCDDA (2004c), Teemana huumeet nro 13. Huumeiden yliannostus – merkittävä vältettävissä oleva nuorten kuolinsyy, Euroopan huumausaineiden ja niiden väärinkäytön seurantakeskus, Lissabon.

Eurobarometer (2004), "Young people and drugs", Flash Eurobarometer 158, Taylor Nelson Sofres, Lehdistö- ja viestintäpääosasto, Euroopan komissio, Bryssel.

EuroHIV (Euroopan aidsin epidemiologinen seurantakeskus) (2004), HIV/AIDS Surveillance in Europe, End-year report, 2003, No. 70, Institut de Veille Sanitaire, Saint-Maurice.

Eurostat (2002), Health statistics: Key data on health 2002, Euroopan yhteisöjen virallisten julkaisujen toimisto, Luxemburg, s. 58.

Eysenbach, G., Powell, J., Englesakis, M., et al. (2004), "Health related virtual communities and electronic support groups: systematic review of the effects of online peer to peer interactions", BMJ 328, s. 1166.

FSW (Fonds Soziales Wien) (2004), Jahresbericht 2003, Fonds Soziales Wien, Wien.

Ghuran, A. ja Nolan, J. (2000), "Recreational drug misuse: issues for the cardiologist", Heart vol. 83, s. 627–633.

Gowing, L., Farrell, M., Bornemann, R. ja Ali, R. (2005), "Substitution treatment of injecting opioid users for prevention of HIV infection" (review), The Cochrane Library, 2005, painos 2.

GLADA (Greater London Alcohol and Drug Allliance) (2004), An evidence base for London crack cocaine strategy, Greater London Alcohol and Drug Alliance, Lontoo.

Haasen, C. (2003), puhe EMCDDA:n konferenssissa "Conference on treatment monitoring in the EU and the EU action plan on drugs 2000–2004", marraskuu 2003.

Hawks, D., Scott, K., McBride, N., et al. (2002), Prevention of psychoactive substance use: a selected review of what works in the area of prevention, Maailman terveysjärjestö, Geneve.

Hibell, B., Andersson, B., Bjarnasson, T., et al. (2004), The ESPAD report 2003: alcohol and other drug use among students in 35 European Countries, Centralförbundet för alkohol och narkotikaupplysning (CAN) ja Euroopan neuvosto, Pompidou-ryhmä.

Hwang, S. (2001), "Mental illness and mortality among homeless people", Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica vol 103, s. 81–82.

INCB (2005), Report of the International Narcotics Control Board 2004, Yhdistyneiden Kansakuntien kansainvälinen huumausainetoimikunta: New York.

Korkeila, J. (2000), Measuring aspects of mental health, Themes 6/2000, STAKES: Helsinki.

Kumpfer, K. L., Alvarado, R. ja Whiteside, H. O. (2003), "Family-based interventions for substance use and misuse prevention", Substance Use and Misuse vol. 38, s. 1759–1787.

Leppin, A. (2004), Vortrag zur schulischen Suchtprävention im Rahmen der Fachtagung "Qualität schulischer Suchtprävention" am 20.04.04 in Kärnten.

Macchia, T., Giannotti, F. C. ja Taggi, F. (2004), I servizi e le sostanze ricreazionali: una rilevazione clinica in Italia, FrancoAngeli, Milano.

Matheï, C., Robaeys, G., van Damme, P., et al. (2005), "Prevalence of hepatitis C in drug users in Flanders: determinants and geographic differences", Epidemiology and Infection vol. 133, s. 127–136.

Mendes, F., Relvas, A. P., Olaio, A., et al. (2001), The challenge of prevention of drug use, IREFREA España, Palma de Mallorca.

Mol, A., Van Vlaanderen, J. L. ja De Vos, A. (2002), Ontwikkeling van de cocaïne hulpvraag in the ambulante verslavingszorg 1994–2000, IVZ, Houten.

Morral, A. R., McCaffrey, D. F. ja Paddock, S. M. (2002), "Reassessing the marijuana gateway effect", Addiction vol. 97, s. 1493–1504.

National Treatment Agency (NTA) (2003), "New guidance on injectable heroin and injectable methadone treatment for opiate misusers", lehdistötiedote 13. kesäkuuta 2003.

National Treatment Agency (NTA) (2004), "54 per cent more drug misusers get treatment in England", lehdistötiedote 30. syyskuuta 2004.

Ouwehand, A., Van Alem, V., Mol, A. ja Boonzajer Flaes, S. (2004), Key figures addiction care 2003, IVZ, Houten (http://www.sivz.nl).

Pijlman, F. T. A., Krul, J. ja Niesink, R. J. M. (2003), Uitgaan en Veiligheid: Feiten en Fictie over Alcohol, Drugs en Gezondheidsverstoringen, Trimbos Instituut, Utrecht.

Prinzleve M., Haasen C., Zurhold H., et al. (2004), "Cocaine use in Europe – a multi-centre study: patterns of use in different groups", European Addiction Research vol. 10, s. 147–155.

Quensel, S. (2004), Das Elend der Suchtprävention, Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften (VS), Wiesbaden.

Reis, J., Riley, W., Lokman, L. ja Baer, J. (2000), "Interactive multimedia preventive alcohol education: a technology application in higher education", Journal of Drug Education vol. 30, s. 399–421.

Reitoxin kansalliset raportit (2004).

Rhodes, T., Lilly, R., Fernández, C., et al. (2003), "Risk factors associated with drug use: the importance of 'risk environment'", Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy vol. 10, s. 303–329.

Rigter, H., Van Gageldonk, A., Ketelaars, T. ja Van Laar, M. (2004), "Hulp bij probleemgebruik van drugs: stand van wetenschap voor behandelingen en andere interventies, 2004", Trimbos Instituut/National Drug Monitor (NDM), Utrecht.

SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, 2003 National Survey on Drug Use and Health.

Solberg, U., Burkhart, G. ja Nilson, M. (2002), "An overview of opiate substitution treatment in the European Union and Norway", International Journal of Drug Policy vol. 13, s. 477–484.

Sullivan, L. E., Metzger, D. S., Fudala, P. J. ja Fiellin, D. A. (2005), "Decreasing international HIV transmission: the role of expanding access to opioid agonist therapies for injection drug users", Addiction vol. 100, s. 150–158.

Sussman, S., Earleywine, M., Wills, T., et al. (2004), "The motivation, skills and decision-making model of 'drug abuse' prevention", Substance Use and Misuse vol. 39, s. 1971–2016.

Taylor, B. J. (2000), "Modeling prevention program effects on growth in substance use: analysis of five years of data from the Adolescent Alcohol Prevention Trial", Prevention Science vol. 1, s. 183–197.

Terweij, M. ja Van Wamel, A. (2004), Ouders aan zet: opvoedingsondersteuning en verslavingspreventie voor allochtonen: succes- en faalfactoren, GGZ Nederland, Utrecht.

UNODC (2002), Contemporary drug abuse treatment: a review of the evidence base, Yhdistyneiden Kansakuntien huume- ja rikosjärjestö, Wien.

UNODC (2003a), Global illicit drug trends 2003, Yhdistyneiden Kansakuntien huume- ja rikosjärjestö, Wien.

UNODC (2003b), Ecstasy and amphetamines: global Survey 2003, Yhdistyneiden Kansakuntien huume- ja rikosjärjestö, Wien.

UNODC ja Marokon hallitus (2003), Morocco cannabis survey 2003, Yhdistyneiden Kansakuntien huume- ja rikosjärjestö, Wien.

WHO (1998), Opioid overdose: trends, risk factors, interventions and priorities for action, Maailman terveysjärjestö, Programme on Substance Abuse, Division of Mental Health and Prevention of Substance Abuse, Geneve.

WHO (2004), "Effectiveness of sterile needle and syringe programming in reducing HIV/AIDS among injecting drug users", Evidence for action technical papers, WHO, Geneve.

WHO (2005), "Effectiveness of drug dependence treatment in preventing HIV among injecting drug users", Evidence for action technical papers, lopullinen versio, maaliskuu 2005, WHO, Geneve.

WHO:n Euroopan aluetoimisto (2002), Prisons, Drugs and Society, A Consensus Statement on Principles, Policies and Practices, WHO:n Euroopan aluetoimisto, Geneve.