Social reintegration

Social reintegration is defined as ‘any social intervention with the aim of integrating former or current problem drug users into the community’. The three ‘pillars’ of social reintegration are (1) housing; (2) education; and (3) employment (including vocational training). Other measures, such as counselling and leisure activities, may also be used.

Social reintegration is a less well-established response to problem drug use than is treatment and, consequently, monitoring and reporting in this field are more patchy. Some countries report qualitative assessments of their efforts in the field of social reintegration; however, none reports good coverage. The countries reporting (Estonia, Ireland, Malta, the Netherlands, Romania, Sweden and Norway) all identify deficiencies in their social reintegration services and/or programmes. One exception to the rule is Greece, where there is both a relatively wide fan of social reintegration programmes and reliable data on the number of clients they reach.