Fentanyl and buprenorphine deaths

In recent years, the Baltic countries have reported some deaths in which fentanyl was found in the toxicological investigation, frequently concomitantly with heroin. In its national report, Sweden reported 13 deaths related to fentanyl among IDUs in 2003, compared with only occasional cases in previous years. For information about the role of buprenorphine in drug-related deaths, see the selected issue on buprenorphine.