Based upon the number of laboratories dismantled, worldwide amphetamine production remains concentrated in Europe. In 2003, amphetamine laboratories were uncovered in eight EU countries (Belgium, Germany, Estonia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, the United Kingdom). Most of the amphetamine seized in the EU in 2003 originated from the Netherlands, followed by Poland and Belgium. In addition, there are reports of amphetamine being produced in Estonia and Lithuania and then targeted at Nordic countries. Trafficking in amphetamine remains mainly intraregional (Reitox national reports, 2004; CND, 2005).

Similarly, most amphetamine seizures are made in Europe. Western and central Europe accounted for 82 % of the total amount of amphetamine seized worldwide in 2003, with eastern and south-eastern Europe accounting for 13 % and countries in the Near and Middle East for 3 % (CND, 2005). Over the last five years, the main amphetamine-seizing country in the EU has been the United Kingdom (69). In the EU as a whole, the number of amphetamine seizures (70), which had previously shown an increasing trend, peaked in 1998, while quantities of amphetamine seized (71) peaked in 1997. Numbers of amphetamine seizures increased again in 2001 and 2002 but, based on trends in countries from which data are available, they may have stabilised or decreased in 2003. Quantities seized have been fluctuating also, but seem to be on the increase since 2002 (72).

In 2003, average amphetamine prices at user level varied from less than €10 per gram in Belgium, Estonia, Greece, Latvia, Hungary, the Netherlands and Slovakia to €37.5 per gram in Norway (73). The average retail purity of amphetamine in 2003 ranged from 7.5 % (Germany) to 50 % (Norway) (74).

(69) This situation should be checked against 2003 UK data when available. Data on numbers of amphetamine seizures in 2003 were not available for Italy, Cyprus, the Netherlands and Romania; data on both number of amphetamine seizures and quantities of amphetamines seized in 2003 were not available for Ireland and the United Kingdom.

(70) See Table SZR-7 (part i) in the 2005 statistical bulletin.

(71) See Table SZR-8 (part i) in the 2005 statistical bulletin.

(72) This should be checked against missing 2003 data – in particular for the United Kingdom – when available.

(73) See Table PPP-4 (part i) in the 2005 statistical bulletin.

(74) See Table PPP-8 (part i) in the 2005 statistical bulletin.